The pollution created by trains and is faced by every citizen as well as the other all living & non living organisms in the country is a cause of concern and it is neglected by the responsible authorities without bothering for the health of the citizens and of the Country. Though the solution to this problem is very easy, and there is no need to go through major technical aspects only required thing is will to come over this problem by basically accepting that this problem exist. That is only willingness to try to get redress al of the problem. The problem must be studied at length and must be redressed as soon as possible otherwise the silent poisoning of the human beings and others will continue and causes increased respiratory illness, damage to plants and animals. Foreign matter in air which adversely affects the well-being of the individual or cause damage to property. Engineers consciously incorporate in their designs sufficient and safeguard to ensure that they do not contribute to atmospheric pollution. They must apply their integrity and problem solving abilities to eliminate air pollution where it exists and restoring the natural environment.
Railways have provided a very good transportation facility for the commuters since more than 100 years in India and it has reached to each and every part of the country. It is really highly appreciable. It has improved a lot, as the time changed in respect of its technology, its appearance, comforts for the passengers, timing, frequency, pantry cars etc except one thing which would have been given priority, which is helping the deterioration of the surrounding environment from where these trains pass. It is causing serious harm to the cities, villages, towns, mountains etc by giving a very unhygienic environment to breath and sustains the impact, if the person has capacity to sustain this type of pollution load. You must be confused what I am talking about, it is a type of pollution, I wish to bring to your kind notice which is seen by everybody, felt its stink odors at every station and every where in surroundings when a train is passed nearby them at all the time, but no one feels to give a thought for the same as they are not aware of the consequences. Railway authorities must not think about only passengers but also they have to think of the persons, localities, vicinities, cities, towns villages, buildings, mountains, rivers, valleys from where it is passed and the persons dwelling are the sufferers. Railway’s pollute environment., as they do not have a system to collect the sewage generated by the passengers as well as the outsiders using it when it is at halt by proving close water closet with a proper system. Discharging fresh faecal matter to the open atmosphere, either when the train is in motion or it is not in motion.
If it is in motion the faecal matter excreted by the passenger is flushed from the train, which when comes out of the pan of the running train, gets fragmented in to smallest particles and will mix in the open atmosphere contributing to air pollution and becomes injurious to human, plant or animal life or to the property or which unreasonably interferes with the comfortable enjoyment of life & property. The direction and speed of the surface winds govern the drift and diffusion of air pollutants discharged near the ground level. The higher the wind speed or relative motion of the train at or near the point of discharge of pollutants, the more rapidly pollutants are carried away from the source. The pollutants so dispersed will not exist at the same concentration but will rapidly dilute with the greater volume of air. If the persons faecal matter (Escherichia Coli normally inhibits in the intestinal tract of man and it is excreted with faeces, colliforms are indicators of pollution) is infected one, then the persons who are inhaling the air are bound to get infected and the disease will reach to number of places within shortest time spell.
If the train is at station and not in the motion and parked at the station, its toilets are used by the beggars, drug addicts, gardulles and many other persons, who are not having this facility where they can answer to the natures call and by using this facility at the halt train they creates an unhygienic surrounding in the station premises, tracks, resulting in to very bad stench i.e. smell, unaesthetic seen and unbearable waiting and becomes very difficult to stand at the platform.
In case of the Contamination of water bodies by domestic sewage and other pollutants. Sewage is an excellent medium for the development of bacteria, some of which may be pathogenic. In fresh sewage, there will be approximately 10 5 bacteria per ml while in stale sewage the bacteria count will rise to 10 7 or even more per ml. The raw sewage is very harmful, if it consists pathogen bacteria (any disease producing micro organism or substance), which are capable of causing diseases such as typhoid fever, dysentery, diarrorhea and cholera. Which can cause harm to the persons who comes in direct contact with such water. Also the chances of getting these pathogens mixed the air when it comes of the running trains cannot be ruled out. Hence contamination of air may take place and results as same as water contamination and may cause danger to the life.
Air Pollution monitoring authorities tests air samples for the physical & chemical parameters such as SPM,CO,NOx etc and not biological (measuring levels of faecal contamination) one which is a special task and the costs much higher also it is not felt necessary to go for the test. Society’s basic interest in pollution is owing to its effects on living organisms; hence the assessment of pollution is basically a biological problem. Yet in assessment of pollution has traditionally been chemically oriented and biological aspect have been either omitted or put up in subsidiary position. The reasons for omitting biological data have been
- Physical-chemical data are amenable to numerical descriptions but much of the biological information has been non quantitative in nature.
- Biological data collection has been tedious & expensive.
- Biologists have rarely tried to simplify the data
When sewage mixes with water it makes water contamination and makes the water unfit for drinking and never used for potable purpose. However the same way when air gets contaminated with the mixing of sewage in small particles and inhaled by the person, it is too, more dangerous but as it is not seen or tested, it is conveniently neglected.
To get rid off this problem what is needed, only sincere efforts and willingness to do this Indian Railways must ensure that the discharges made to the open atmosphere by letting through the Water Closets does not create a public health hazard or destroy the utility and beneficent uses of the fresh air.
Environmental health protection is essential for life and solution for this problem is of low cost, only the requirement is of in-depth study of the situation and willingness to understand the problem. It requires only to provide collection pipe below the WC’s of every compartment, collect the sewage generated during each journey and disposal of the same at the stations, where provisions of chambers are made, which are then collected by the Municipal drains of that particular city’s system. This will help the environment inside the station healthy, odorless, aesthetic view, good looking and non embarrassing to the station authorities and also help the passerby to avoid to get the polluted air, while the train passes nearby them.